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An Innovative Professional Practice Model: Adaptation of Carper's Patterns of Knowing, Patterns of Research, and Aristotle's Intellectual Virtues

Jacobs, Barbara Bennett MPH, PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0000000000000002
Original Articles

Professional practice models have emerged as the way hospital-based nursing expresses its consensus-derived philosophy. Magnet recognition influences this practice, while extant nursing theories continue the quest to bridge scholarship with practice. The innovative model presented in this article is an adaptation of Carper's patterns of knowing into a nursing meta-language of science, ethics, art, and advocacy. In this model, boundaries of the patterns of knowing blur and synchronous movement of values, patterns of research, and Aristotelian intellectual virtues blend. Patient and nurse in an intersubjective relationship share the end of human flourishing as the patient's narrative evolves and shared meaning of the ultimate good is actualized.

Ethics Consultation Service, Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Connecticut.

Correspondence: Barbara Bennett Jacobs, MPH, PhD, RN, 37 Belknap Rd, West Hartford, CT 06117 (

The author has disclosed that she has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

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