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Critical Cultural Competence for Culturally Diverse Workforces: Toward Equitable and Peaceful Health Care

Almutairi, Adel F. Doctor of Health Science, MSN, RN; Rondney, Patricia PhD, MSN, RN


In the article that appeared on pages 200–212 of the July-September 2013 issue, an incorrect reference appeared. Reference 11 in the reference list should appear as: Ng R. Sexism, racism, Canadian nationalism. In: Bannerji H, ed. Returning the Gaze: Essays on Racism, Feminism and Politics. Toronto: Sister Vision Press; 1993:223–241.

Advances in Nursing Science. 36(4):363, October/December 2013.

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0b013e31829edd51
Original Articles

In this article, we argue that attaining equity, and therefore peace in health care delivery, necessitates that nursing and other health care professions more carefully attend to the sociocultural context in which health care is delivered. That sociocultural context includes culturally diverse patients, families, and communities, as well as health care providers who are themselves culturally diverse. We draw on findings from Almutairi's doctoral research with health care providers in Saudi Arabia to argue for what he has identified as critical cultural competence for health care providers. In so doing, we explicate the complexity of cultural and linguistic issues and power relations induced by race, class, and gender that can contribute to vulnerabilities for health care providers and recipients alike.

School of Nursing, University of British Columbia Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada (Drs Almutairi and Rondney); and King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (Dr Almutairi).

Correspondence: Adel F. Almutairi, Doctor of Health Science, MSN, RN, School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, T201-2211, Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 2B5, Canada ( or

The authors express their appreciation and sincere gratitude to Dr Joan Anderson, Professor Emeritus at the School of Nursing, University of British Columbia, for her critical review and feedback on this article.

The authors have disclosed that they have no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

© 2013Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins