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Well-Being in Refugee Women Experiencing Cultural Transition

Baird, Martha B., PhD, APRN/CNS-BC, CTN-A

doi: 10.1097/ANS.0b013e31826260c0
Original Articles

This article presents a situation-specific theory of well-being in refugee women experiencing cultural transition. The theory resulted from 2 studies, an ethnography and a community-based collaborative action research project, with refugee women from South Sudan, who were resettled to the United States. The theory extends the middle-range theory of transition to include cultural transition as a distinct type of transition with a unique set of properties and conditions including 3 phases—separation, liminality, and integration. Community action research is discussed as a culturally relevant intervention for nurses working with immigrants and refugee populations to foster well-being in resettlement.

University of Kansas School of Nursing, Kansas City, Kansas.

Correspondence: Martha B. Baird, PhD, APRN/CNS-BC, CTN-A, University of Kansas School of Nursing, 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, KS 66160 (

The author thanks Dr Pamela G. Reed, PhD, RN, FAAN, and Dr Joyceen Boyle, PhD, RN, MPH, FAAN, for their wisdom and guidance in the development of this theory. She also thanks Mrs Sally Barhydt for her multiple edits of this manuscript.

The author has disclosed that he has no significant relationships with, or financial interest in, any commercial companies pertaining to this article.

Copyright © 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.