ArticleThe Elephant in the Room Critical Reflections on Militarism, War, and Their Health ContingenciesSr, Sharon McGuire, OP, PhD, FNP-BC; Boyle, Joyceen, PhD, RN, FAANAuthor Information Adrian Dominican Sisters Campus, Siena Heights University, Adrian, Michigan (Dr McGuire); and University of Arizona, Tucson (Dr Boyle). Corresponding Author: Sharon McGuire Sr, OP, PhD, FNP-BC, Adrian Dominican Sisters Campus, Siena Heights University, 1247 E Siena Heights Dr, Adrian, MI 49221 (firstname.lastname@example.org; email@example.com). Advances in Nursing Science: April-June 2008 - Volume 31 - Issue 2 - p 128-138 doi: 10.1097/01.ANS.0000319563.61137.ef Buy Metrics Abstract This philosophical analysis critically explores an archeology of militarism as an underpinning to multiple forms of violence, especially war. Deconstructing militarism and its discourses reveal it as a pervasive geographical, cultural, political, and psychological presence. New war technologies, related health and environmental problems, injuries, social suffering, and disproportionality in military spending as a threat to health are uncovered. Continuing the dialogue in formal nursing associations, critiquing media complicity in securing consent for war, and reconstructing a nonviolent, healthier world through nonviolent resistance are advocated. © 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.