Original ArticleEthical Multiculturalism An Evolutionary Concept AnalysisHarper, Mary G. MSN, RN Author Information Ms Harper is a doctoral student in the School of Nursing at University of Central Florida, Orlando. Corresponding author: Mary G. Harper, MSN, RN, Florida Hospital Memorial System, 1832 South Central Ave, Flagler Beach, FL 32136 (e-mail: [email protected]). Advances in Nursing Science: April 2006 - Volume 29 - Issue 2 - p 110-124 Buy Abstract A concept analysis of ethical multiculturalism using Rogers' evolutionary approach is presented. It includes attributes, antecedents, and consequences of ethical multiculturalism. Attributes include moral reasoning, cultural competence, beneficence/nonmaleficence, and respect for persons and communities. Antecedents are culture knowledge; cultural awareness, sensitivity, encounters, and skill; and understanding of ethical principles. Consequences include protection of human subjects, preservation of cultural norms, dignity of participants and communities, and perceived value by individuals and communities. Ethical multiculturalism is defined as the use of moral reasoning to apply the ethical principles of beneficence and respect for persons and communities in a culturally competent manner to research in various societies or cultures. © 2006 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.