Original ArticleTranscultural Nursing Theory From a Critical Cultural PerspectiveGustafson, Diana L. MEd, PhD, RNAuthor Information Faculty of Medicine, Division of Community Health, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Lebrador, Canada. Corresponding author: Diana L. Gustafson, MEd, PhD, RN, Faculty of Medicine, Division of Community Health, Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Newfoundland and Lebrador, Canada A1B 3V6 (e-mail: [email protected]). I am grateful to the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada for its support of the larger project from which this article emerged. George Dei, Margrit Eichler, Rebecca Hagey, and Rose Baaba-Folson supported me in developing a critical cultural perspective. To them and the 3 anonymous reviewers, I offer my sincere thanks. Advances in Nursing Science: January 2005 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p 2-16 Buy Abstract This critical cultural discourse analysis explores the internal logic of Transcultural Nursing Theory and interrogates the underlying assumptions, goals, and strategies of this approach to race and other human and social differences. Drawing on examples from nursing textbooks and policy documents, I assert that Transcultural Nursing Theory operates from a liberal standpoint that focuses attention on a broadly defined, but narrowly applied, concept of culture. The goal of providing culturally competent care and the processes used to achieve that outcome reinforce, rather than transform, the social practices and relations that institutionalize the dominant approach to social and human differences. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.