Original ArticleAdvancing Nursing Theory Through Theory-guided Practice The Emergence of a Critical Caring PerspectiveFalk-Rafael, Adeline PhD, RNAuthor Information York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Dr Falk-Rafael is also a visiting scholar at the University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. Corresponding author: Adeline Falk-Rafael, PhD, RN, York University, 4700 Keele St, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M3J 1P3 (e-mail: [email protected]). My gratitude to the nursing students at the University of Western Ontario and York University who have shared how Watson's theory of human caring was relevant to their practice. Thanks also to faculty colleagues and public health nurses at the Simcoe County District Health Unit for furthering my understanding of the meaning of Watson's theory in public health nursing. Advances in Nursing Science: January 2005 - Volume 28 - Issue 1 - p 38-49 Buy Abstract Critical caring is proposed as a hybrid, midrange theory that builds on nursing science and critical feminist theories. As such, it has the potential to root public health nursing practice in an expanded nursing caring science that reincorporates the social justice agenda characteristic of early public health nursing practice but not featured prominently in contemporary nursing theories. Critical caring transforms the carative processes of Watson's theory into 7 carative health-promoting processes that form the “core” of public health nursing practice and reflect the legacy and reality of public health nursing practice. © 2005 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.