Nursing HistoryVenous Envy: The Post-World War II Debate over IV NursingSandelowski, Margarete PhD, RN, FAANAuthor Information Professor; School of Nursing; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Chapel Hill, North Carolina The author thanks Nancy Tomes for referring her to Abbott's work, The System of Professions: An Essay on the Division of Expert Labor. Advances in Nursing Science: September 1999 - Volume 22 - Issue 1 - p 52-62 Buy SDC Abstract After World War II, a debate ensued over whether nurses should perform intravenous (IV) therapy. The debate was resolved by permitting nurses to do venipunctures as physicians' agents and by recirculating the familiar tautology: if nurses were already doing venipunctures, they must be simple enough for nurses to do. The vein was a portal of entry for nurses, but one with limited access. What was ultimately ceded to nurses was not full jurisdiction over a domain of nursing practice, but rather a limited settlement in a domain of medical practice. The debate over IV therapy demonstrated how technology, in combination with ideology, can both create and destroy nursing jurisdictions. Copyright © 1999 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.