This article explores the concepts of power and knowledge from two philosophical perspectives, the feminist and the poststructuralist, and examines their application to nursing knowledge and nursing science. Principles of poststructuralist and feminist philosophies are presented. The role of the nursing-medicine power relation in the development of nursing knowledge and the interaction of gender issues in that relation are reviewed in the context of nursing history. Both past and current mechanisms that contribute to the maintenance of the nursingmedicine power relation are discussed.
© 1992 Aspen Publishers, Inc.