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Kleffel Dorothy RN MPH
Advances in Nursing Science: September 1991

Nurses frequently care for individuals whose problems originate from the environment. Yet the environmental paradigm in nursing is client-oriented and psychosocial and does not adequately explain these conditions. Nursing theory and research in the environmental domain are explored in this article and found to be focused within this limited paradigm. Models and theories from other disciplines and upstream nursing approaches that address multidimensional environmental characteristics are discussed in terns of providing direction formatting a paradigm shift leading to a revolution in nursing's environmental consciousness.

© 1991 Aspen Publishers, Inc.