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Implementation of a Human Milk Management Center

Spatz, Diane L. PhD, RN-BC, FAAN; Schmidt, Katherine J. MSN, RN; Kinzler, Sue RD, LDN

Section Editor(s): Zukowsky, Ksenia

doi: 10.1097/ANC.0000000000000084
Beyond the Basics

Current hospital practices surrounding the use of human milk and fortification are suboptimal. Safety of milk preparation should be a priority, as should optimization of the milk to meet the nutritional needs of hospitalized infants. This article describes the implementation of a human milk management center (HMMC) at a children's hospital. This centralized center allows for milk to be safely prepared under aseptic technique. In addition, the HMMC staff can analyze milk composition. The widely variable nutrient composition of human milk has been well established and, therefore, should be considered when fortifying human milk. The HMMC staff have the ability to perform creamatocrits on milk, conduct human milk nutrient analysis, and make skim milk for infants. The processes for developing an HMMC are also detailed in this article.

University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, and the Lactation Program, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Spatz); University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (Ms Schmidt), and Director of Patient and Family Services–Nutrition Services, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Ms Kinzler).

Correspondence: Diane L. Spatz, PhD, RN-BC, FAAN, University of Pennsylvania, 418 Curie Blvd, Office 413, Philadelphia, PA 19104 (

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

© 2014 by The National Association of Neonatal Nurses