University of Minnesota School of Nursing, Minneapolis (Drs Swanson, Elgersma, McKechnie, Sommerness, and Friedrich); Children's Minnesota, Minneapolis (Drs Swanson and Bergeron and Ms McPherson); and University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (Dr Spatz).
Correspondence: Nellie Munn Swanson, DNP, MPH, APRN, CPNP-PC, CLC, University of Minnesota School of Nursing, 5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall, 308 Harvard St SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 ([email protected]).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Web site (www.advancesinneonatalcare.org).
Ethical approval was provided by the Institutional Review Board of Children's Minnesota in advance of implementation. Written informed consent was not required as the project was deemed to be quality improvement and was not human subjects research.
This article has not been posted online. The authors confirm that if their article is published in Advances in Neonatal Care, they will notify the relevant parties accordingly so that the preprint version can be linked to the published record.