Inabah program is psychospiritual rehabilitative approach which holistically incorporates Islamic concepts and religious practices in its module encompassing of prayers, zikir, and hydrotherapy.
This study attempts to (1) determine the impact of Inabah on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profiles and religiousness and (2) explore the relationships between HRQoL and religiousness pre-Inabah and post-Inabah.
A prospective preintervention and postintervention study was conducted at 3 Inabah centers in Malaysia, recruiting new inmates aged 18 years and above who were cognitively stable and have undergone detoxification. The Malay WHOQOL-BREF (higher score=better HRQoL) and Psychological Measure of Islamic Religiousness (PMIR) (higher score=better profiles) were administered before and after Inabah intervention (minimum 2 mo).
One hundred fifteen all-male inmates of 144 eligible participants (79.9%) completed the program (age=30.5±7.8 y; intervention duration ≤2.5 mo=60.9%; The Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia qualification=47.0%). Significant positive changes in Overall HRQoL, General Health, Psychological, and Islamic Obligations and Implementation issues were detected after Inabah (P<0.05; effect size=0.27 to 0.39). Pre-Inabah, Life Satisfaction (in PMIR) correlated significantly with all HRQoL domains (P<0.001) while Islamic Obligations and Implementation only significantly correlated with Psychological domain (P<0.05). Majority of other PMIR versus HRQoL relationships were also significant. Post-Inabah however, dramatic increases were observed in Islamic Obligations and Implementation domain which linked significantly with all (except 1) HRQoL aspects.
The positive impacts of the noninvasive Inabah program on HRQoL and religiousness among substance abusers were evident.