In many states, naloxone is currently under a standing order. Despite the increased efforts to improve access to naloxone, the rates of opioid overdose continue to climb.
The objective of this research was to implement and evaluate the effectiveness of a naloxone screening tool in a community pharmacy.
Materials and Methods:
A naloxone screening tool was put into place at a community pharmacy within a local health care clinic that serves patients of low socioeconomic status. The survey consisted of 3 questions that were read to the patients upon each visit. Those deemed eligible for naloxone distribution received a free naloxone training session, along with naloxone to take home. Monthly naloxone dispensing rates were compared before and after the screening tool implementation.
Two hundred fifty-three surveys were collected. More naloxone was distributed in the first month after the implementation of the screening tool compared with the 12 months prior (24 vs. 19 doses, respectively). In the first 3 months, 29 doses were dispensed compared with 11 in the 3 months prior, a 163% increase.
Implementing the naloxone screening tool significantly increased the dispensing of naloxone.