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Evaluation of Sexual Function in Turkish Male Individuals Who are Substance Abusers

A Descriptive Study

Dişsiz, Melike RN, PhD

Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment: September 2019 - Volume 18 - Issue 3 - p 176–183
doi: 10.1097/ADT.0000000000000172
Original Articles
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Background: The available data suggest that most illicit drugs have adverse effects on erection, sexual desire, and ejaculation latency in male individuals.

Objective: This study was conducted for the evaluation of the sexual functions of substance abuse men.

Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at the Alcohol and Substance Research Treatment and Education Center. Male individuals diagnosed as having substance use disorder according to DSM-V (n=106) were included as the patient group. A 30-item sociodemographic and reproductive health interview form developed by researchers and the 15-item International Erectile Function Index were administered to all the participants.

Results: It was determined that the most prevalent addiction was cannabis addiction (39.6%) in the substance abuser group, and this was followed by heroin (35.8%) and cocaine addiction (24.6%). It was observed that the substance used by participants at the earliest age (15.81±4.19) was cocaine, and the longest duration in substance use (13.11±9.11) was in the cannabis group. An overall 41.5% of participants stated that they had a sexual problem, and 31.1% of them said they were not satisfied with their sexual life. It was detected that most of the substance abuser men (77.4%) have mild erectile dysfunction (ED) at the rate of 12.3% and moderate ED in 65.1% of them, and the cannabis user group had the most ED (83.3%).

Conclusions: Substance abuse affects male sexual functions negatively. There are limited studies about the effects of substance abuse on male sexual functions in our country. For this reason, there is a need for more extensive prospective studies.

Department of Alcohol-Substance Research, Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul, Turkey

The author declares no conflict of interest.

Reprints: Melike Dişsiz, RN, PhD, Department of Alcohol-Substance Research, Bakirkoy Research and Training Hospital for Psychiatry, Neurology and Neurosurgery, Istanbul 34747, Turkey (e-mail: melekd78@gmail.com).

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