This pilot study assessed the impact of a 1-time motivationally based psychoeducational tobacco cessation intervention during substance use disorder treatment on use of subsequent smoking cessation services.
Participants were 89 veterans in substance use disorder treatment who attended the smoking cessation orientation group. Participants took part in a multimedia psychoeducational group designed to provide veterans education about and motivation to seek subsequent tobacco cessation services. Measures included a self-report survey of demographics, substance use, mental health, tobacco use and cessation, and attendance to tobacco cessation services.
Results indicated that 86.5% of participants used tobacco and on average were heavily nicotine dependent. Fifty-seven percent of tobacco users used follow-up cessation services. Logistic regression indicated that utilization of cessation services was associated with desiring to quit smoking for health purposes and personal choice, history of psychotic disorder, and previous use of nicotine replacement.
A 1-time intervention with veterans in substance use disorder treatment can increase motivation to seek subsequent tobacco cessation services, providing an avenue for reducing tobacco use in this population.