Original ArticlesA Clinical Overview of Fetal Alcohol SyndromeMurthy, Poornima MBBS*; Kudlur, Swamy MRCPsych†; George, Sanju MRCPsych‡; Mathew, Geetha MRCPsych‡Author Information *Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Harborne ‡Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Trust, Birmingham †Worcestershire Mental Health NHS Trust, Worcester, England Reprints: Dr Swamy Kudlur, MRCPsych, Worcestershire Mental Health NHS Trust, Worcester, WR4 9RW, England (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org). Declaration of interest: None. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment: March 2009 - Volume 8 - Issue 1 - p 1-12 doi: 10.1097/ADT.0b013e318163b062 Buy Metrics Abstract Fetal alcohol syndrome is the leading cause of mental retardation worldwide and is also the foremost preventable cause of neurobehavioral and developmental abnormalities. In this paper, we discuss those aspects of fetal alcohol syndrome relevant to the clinician: its clinical characteristics, assessment, diagnosis, and prevention. © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.