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A Clinical Overview of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Murthy, Poornima MBBS*; Kudlur, Swamy MRCPsych; George, Sanju MRCPsych; Mathew, Geetha MRCPsych

Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment: March 2009 - Volume 8 - Issue 1 - p 1-12
doi: 10.1097/ADT.0b013e318163b062
Original Articles

Fetal alcohol syndrome is the leading cause of mental retardation worldwide and is also the foremost preventable cause of neurobehavioral and developmental abnormalities. In this paper, we discuss those aspects of fetal alcohol syndrome relevant to the clinician: its clinical characteristics, assessment, diagnosis, and prevention.

*Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Birmingham Women's Hospital, Harborne

Birmingham and Solihull Mental Health NHS Trust, Birmingham

Worcestershire Mental Health NHS Trust, Worcester, England

Reprints: Dr Swamy Kudlur, MRCPsych, Worcestershire Mental Health NHS Trust, Worcester, WR4 9RW, England (e-mail:

Declaration of interest: None.

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.