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Reasons For Cessation Of Opiate Use Among Iranian Opioids Dependants

Ahmadi, Jamshid MD; Etminan, Hosein MD; Javanmardi, Hadi MD

Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment: March 2003 - Volume 2 - Issue 1 - p 9-12
Original Articles

The study assessed the reasons for cessation of opiate use among Iranian opioids dependants seeking treatment. The data were gathered from 1,000 (97.9% males and 2.1% females) opiate addicts. All the subjects were opioid dependent on the basis of DSM-IV. The mean age was 35.7 years, ranging from 15 to 72. The majority (67.5%) were married. Of the opiate addicts, 25.9% were workers, 24.4% were unemployed, 23.8% had free job and 10.8% were drivers. Their reported reasons for cessation of opiate use were: social problems (71.6%), family pressure (27.17%), financial problems (26.3%), mental and physical problems (19.3%), dissatisfaction with using substance (18.2%), occupational or legal problems (5%), and other reasons (6.9%). The majority (54.3%) were current users of opium and 37.5% were current users of heroin. There were meaningful relationships between age and reasons for cessation and also between occupation and reasons for cessation of opiate use. Social problems were the most common reasons for cessation of substance use and opium was the most frequently used substance. It also can be concluded that during the recent years demographic characteristics of Iranian opiate addicts have been changed.

From the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Address reprint requests to Jamshid Ahmadi, MD, P. O. Box 71345–1416, Hafez Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.