Margaret P. Calkins, PhD, is an internationally recognized leader in environments for the elderly, particularly people with dementia. She is a dynamic speaker and has written extensively. Dr Calkins is president of Innovative Designs for an Aging Society (IDEAS).
Address correspondence to: Margaret P. Calkins, PhD, IDEAS, Inc, 8055 Chardon Rd, Kirtland, OH 44094. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Note: Many sections of this article were abstracted from Calkins MP. Environmental issues for end-stage care. In: Kovach CR, ed. End Stage Dementia Care: A Basic Guide. London: Taylor and Francis; 1996.