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Specific respiratory warm-up improves rowing performance and exertional dyspnea


Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: July 2001 - Volume 33 - Issue 7 - p 1189-1193
APPLIED SCIENCES: Physical Fitness and Performance

VOLIANITIS, S., A. K. MCCONNELL, Y. KOUTEDAKIS, and D. A. JONES. Specific respiratory warm-up improves rowing performance and exertional dyspnea. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 7, 2001, pp. 1189–1193.

Purpose The purpose of this study was a) to compare the effect of three different warm-up protocols upon rowing performance and perception of dyspnea, and b) to identify the functional significance of a respiratory warm-up.

Methods A group of well-trained club rowers (N = 14) performed a 6-min all-out rowing simulation (Concept II). We examined differences in mean power output and dyspnea measures (modified CR-Borg scale) under three different conditions: after a submaximal rowing warm-up (SWU), a specific rowing warm-up (RWU), and a specific rowing warm-up with the addition of a respiratory warm-up (RWUplus) protocol.

Results Mean power output during the 6-min all-out rowing effort increased by 1.2% after the RWUplus compared with that obtained after the RWU (P < 0.05) which, in turn, was by 3.2% higher than the performance after the SWU (P < 0.01). Similarly, after the RWUplus, dyspnea was 0.6 ± 0.1 (P < 0.05) units of the Borg scale lower compared with the dyspnea after the RWU and 0.8 ± 0.2 (P < 0.05) units lower than the dyspnea after the SWU.

Conclusion These data suggest that a combination of a respiratory warm-up protocol together with a specific rowing warm-up is more effective than a specific rowing warm-up or a submaximal warm-up alone as a preparation for rowing performance.

School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, The University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UNITED KINGDOM; School of Health Sciences, University of Wolverhampton, Wolverhampton WV1 1SB, UNITED KINGDOM; Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences, University of Thessaly, 42100 Trikala, GREECE

April 2000

September 2000

© 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.