Secondary Logo

Share this article on:

Women's soccer injuries in relation to the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive use

MÖLLER-NIELSEN, JESPER; HAMMAR, MATS

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: April 1989 - Volume 21 - Issue 2 - p 126–129
CLINICAL SCIENCES: CLINICAL INVESTIGATION: PDF Only

MOLLER-NIELSEN, J. and M. HAMMAR. Women's soccer injuries in relation to the menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive use. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 126–129, 1989. During 1984, 86 women soccer players answered detailed questionnaires concerning contraceptive use, menstruation data, premenstrual and menstrual symptoms, and data concerning soccer activities including injuries. This prospective study showed that women soccer players were more susceptible to traumatic injuries during the premenstrual and menstrual period compared to the rest of the menstrual cycle (P < 0.05), especially among players with premenstrual symptoms such as irritability/irascibility, swelling/discomfort in the breasts, and swelling/congestion in the abdomen. It was also found that women using contraceptive pills had a lower rate of traumatic injuries (P < 0.05) compared to women who were not on the Pill. The results can be explained by the fact that oral contraceptives ameliorate some symptoms of the premenstrual and menstrual period which might also affect coordination and hence the risk of injury.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Linkoping University Hospital, S-581 85 Linkoping, SWEDEN

©1989The American College of Sports Medicine