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EP-06 Physical Activity/Health Promotion Interventions

Sports Injury Prevention Strategies In Rugby


Marulanda, Edwin Andres Ladino1; Torres, Diana Marcela Zapata2; Espitia, Jorge Enrique Buitrago2; Corredor, Danny Wilson Sanjuanelo2

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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: August 2021 - Volume 53 - Issue 8S - p 226-227
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000761680.25898.a0
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INTRODUCTION: Sports injuries need a diagnosis, a proper and timely treatment. In addition, it’s essential a correct prevention that brings to the life quality of the athletes, through sports level trauma reduction structured programs, which combine strenght and postural control with neuromuscular training programs.

PURPOSE: To expose the injury mechanism in rugby athletes, focused on the design of trauma prevention strategies in athletes.

METHODS: Descriptive study, including online sports pre-participation questionnaire. The prevalence of musculoskeletal injuries and training characteristics were evaluated. Forty rugby players (27 men and 13 women) from Club Isleños Colombia. Descriptive measures are reported for data analysis.

RESULTS: It is evident that the time dedicated to warm up is 10 minutes, 87.5% do stretching before starting the training, 54% do technique training 54% and 82% do strength training. The connective tissue with the highest incidence of injury is the muscle 28% followed by the ligament 22%. The most frequent diagnoses of injury are sprain 28% and muscle tear 26% and the most prevalent injury mechanism is fall 32.9% followed by sharp turns 23.3% and changes of direction in 16.4% of the participants.

CONCLUSIONS: The prevention of injuries in the practice of sports must include components and actions that allow optimizing the muscular activation and the elevation of the body temperature by means of strength, balance and coordination exercises, which together generate an adequate preparation for the sport modality to be performed. It is appropriate to link interdisciplinary prevention strategies that include rest time dosage, balanced nutrition and the combination of recovery means including active and passive mobilization, physical means and the use of electrotherapy means.

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