Physical inactivity can lead to increased mortality and cardiovascular risk (CR), especially in the elderly. Outside the doctor's office CR is not evaluated frequently, such as when you want to start a healthy habit like exercise. This is especially problematic because those who are physically inactive are more likely to have an unwanted cardiovascular event.
PURPOSE: That is why the purpose of this research is to identify and describe the CR in a population of elderly women (> 59 years old) in Cali, Colombia and the relationship of this CR with the physical profile evaluated by the senior fitness test (SFT).
METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out. Each participant was evaluated by a sports medicine physician, who applied the AHA/ACSM exercise CR rating and determined the participants' physical function. A total of 1784 subjects were chosen to participate. We compared performance on the SFT and CR using the Student's t-test. Subsequently, a bivariate analysis was performed to evaluate performance in the SFT and CR. To evaluate the association, logistic regression models were used.
RESULTS: Statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were observed between patients with low and high CR, in the 6-minute walk, chair stand, the back scratch and chair sit-and-reach tests. The patients with high CR had a significant performance decrease (p < 0.001) in the 6-minute walk test and the chair stand test as age increased, compared with the low CR patients. It was observed that of the six SFT tests, four of them (6-minute walk, chair sit and reach, the back scratch and the chair sit-and-reach tests) were significantly associated with CR,
CONCLUSIONS: that means, having poor performance on the SFT could increase the probability of having a high CR in elderly women in Cali, Colombia. More research is needed in the country, with this type of population and in this field, in order to have more specific and far-reaching results.