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Association Between Grip Strength and Diabetes Prevalence in 45- to 60-Year Old Chinese Men

876 Board #110 May 29 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Wang, Juan; Wang, Zhengzhen FACSM; Wang, Yan

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: June 2019 - Volume 51 - Issue 6 - p 220
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000561167.45768.bd
B-58 Free Communication/Poster - Physical Activity and Health I Wednesday, May 29, 2019, 1: 00 PM - 6: 00 PM Room: CC-Hall WA2
Free

BEIJING SPORT UNIVERSITY, BEIJING, China. (Sponsor: Zhengzhen Wang, FACSM)

Email: wangjuan2006cn@126.com

(No relationships reported)

Several studies showed that grip strength is related to cardiovascular risk factors, but few on the relationship between grip strength and prevalence of diabetes, especially for Chinese people.

PURPOSE: To explore the associations between grip strength and fasting blood glucose of diabetes and diabetes prevalence in 45- to 60-year old Chinese men.

METHODS: All the subjected were recruited from three health management centers of hospitals in China, they finished the basic medical examination and grip strength test and VO2max test. Diabetes was assessed by physical diagnosis or fasting blood glucose. Grip strength was tested in dominant hand; and VO2max was measured by YMCA cycle test.

RESULTS: 1) There are 800 men recruited in this study, 82 of them are diabetes, the prevalence of diabetes is 10.25%. 2) The grip strength of diabetes patients is lower than that of other people [(35.50±6.96) kg vs. (37.26±7.40) kg, P < 0.05], and also the VO2max is lower than that of other people [(35.17±7.86) mL/kg/min vs. (32.72±6.06) mL/kg/min, P<0.05) ]. 3) In all men, the grip strength is negatively correlated with fasting blood glucose (r = -0.10, P < 0.05). In diabetes men, the grip strength is also negatively correlated with fasting blood glucose (r = -0.21, P < 0.05), after adjusted the age and BMI, the relationship is still significant (r = -0.233, P < 0.05). 4) If 5 kg increase in grip strength, the fasting blood glucose of diabetes men can decrease 1.165 mmol/L, and the prevalence of diabetes men will decrease 36.22%.

CONCLUSIONS: 1) The grip strength of diabetes men is related to fasting blood glucose; improving the grip strength can improve the blood glucose level of diabetes men and reduce the prevalence of diabetes. 2) Fasting blood glucose is negatively correlated with grip strength in men, which indicated that grip strength, a simple test index, could be as a predictor of diabetes in men.

Supported by China Health Promotion Foundation CHPF2014-FITEX

© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine