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E-06 Thematic Poster - Moving Beyond Aerobic Exercise: New Science of Strength and Health Friday, June 1, 2018, 9: 30 AM - 11: 30 AM Room: CC-Lower level L100C

Muscle Strength And Prevalence Of Diabetes, A Cross-sectional Study Among Japanese Men

2064 Board #7 June 1 9

30 AM - 11

30 AM

Miyamoto, Rumi1; Sawada, Susumu S. FACSM2; Gando, Yuko2; Matsushita, Munehiro3; Lee, I-Min FACSM4; Blair, Steven N. FACSM5; Muranaga, Shingo1; Osawa, Yumiko1; Ishii, Kaori6; Oka, Kohichiro6

Author Information
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2018 - Volume 50 - Issue 5S - p 502-503
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000536735.35797.07
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Some studies report that there is an inverse relationship between muscle strength and the prevalence of diabetes. However, limited data are available on this relationship among Japanese.

PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between muscle strength measured by a very simple one-leg-stand-up (from a 40cm high seat) test and the prevalence of diabetes among Japanese men.

METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis was conducted in 1,674 Japanese men [median (inter quartile range) age 61 (55-67) years] who completed health examinations and a one-leg-stand-up test. Smoking and drinking habits were collected via a self-administered questionnaire. The prevalence of diabetes, defined as fasting plasma glucose ≥126 mg/dL and/or hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% and/or self-reported physician-diagnosed diabetes, was evaluated. Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for the prevalence of diabetes were obtained using logistic regression models to assess the relationship between muscle strength and the prevalence of diabetes.

RESULTS: In total, 187 participants had diabetes, and 467 participants could not stand up from a 40cm high seat. Using men who could stand up as reference, the age-adjusted odds ratio of diabetes for men who could not stand up was 1.44 (1.06-1.94). After adjustment for age, smoking and drinking, the multivariable odds ratio was 1.43 (1.05-1.93). With additional adjustment for body mass index, the multivariable odds ratio was 1.26 (0.92-1.71).

CONCLUSION: Low muscle strength measured by a very simple fitness test was associated with a higher prevalence of diabetes among Japanese men. This association was mediated in part by body mass index.

© 2018 American College of Sports Medicine