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E-35 Free Communication/Poster - Injury Friday, June 1, 2018, 7: 30 AM - 12: 30 PM Room: CC-Hall B

Epidemiology Of Sports-related Facial Injuries Treated In The United States Emergency Departments Between 1997-2016

2352 Board #188 June 1 9

30 AM - 11

00 AM

Ronshaugen, Natalie; Khodaee, Morteza FACSM

Author Information
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2018 - Volume 50 - Issue 5S - p 580
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000536999.41639.22
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PURPOSE: Worldwide, facial injuries in sports make up a large number of emergency room visits each year. The purpose of this study was to describe the epidemiology of sports related facial injuries that presented to the United States emergency departments (EDs).

METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of the data of facial injuries in the ED related to sports from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS) from 1997-2016.

RESULTS: A total of 183,985 people presented to US EDs for sports related facial injuries from 1997-2016. The average age was 19 years. About three quarters of patients were male. The most common injury was facial laceration (50%), followed by contusion/abrasion (27%), fracture (12%), followed by eyeball injuries (10%). The majority did not require admission and were discharged from the ED (97%). The most common sports associated with facial injuries were biking (19%), basketball (16%), baseball (11%), football (6%), softball (4%), and soccer (4%). The most common sport associated with male facial injuries was biking (19%), followed by basketball (18%), baseball (12%), football (8%), and soccer (4%). The most common sport associated with female facial injuries was biking (21%), followed by softball (10%), basketball (8%), baseball (7%), and soccer (5%).

CONCLUSION: This study identifies common facial injuries in sports and which sports are more likely to cause them. Biking and basketball have the highest incidence of facial injuries overall though softball is the second most common sport associated with female injuries. Most injuries occurred in males. Most injuries were minor in nature and did not require hospitalization.

© 2018 American College of Sports Medicine