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Sex Differences in Perceived Achievement after an ACL Injury Prevention and Yoga Program: 2543 Board #63 June 2 1100 AM - 1230 PM

Buchanan, Kirsten R.1; Keafer, Carly A.1; Newell, Alison E.1; Wells, Karissa M.1; Davis, Irene S. FACSM2

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2017 - Volume 49 - Issue 5S - p 714–715
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000518900.21553.e2
E-26 Free Communication/Poster - Behavioral Aspects of Sport Friday, June 2, 2017, 7:30 AM - 12:30 PM Room: Hall F

1University of New England, Portland, ME. 2Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, MA. (Sponsor: Irene Davis, FACSM)


(No relationships reported)

Females are more likely to tear their ACL than their male counterparts. A preponderance of ACL injury prevention programs (ACL IPP) have shown that these interventions are effective in decreasing the risk of ACL injuries. Research has shown that girls have a lower general perception of achievement in sports than boys. Little research has investigated sex-specific perceived achievement on lower extremity alignment, flexibility, strength or performance after an ACL IPP.

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the perceived achievement after 8 weeks of an ACL/yoga IPP between male and female high school soccer players.

METHODS: 98 high school soccer players (45 girls, 53 boys; 14-19 yrs) participated. Intervention included a 30 minute ACL IPP followed by yoga once a week for 8 weeks. Athletes reported if they injured their ACL and/or had any injuries during the season. An 11 point Likert scale (anchors: -5= worse, 0=no change, 5=better) was used to determine perceived outcomes on lower extremity alignment, flexibility, strength, and performance. An independent t-test (p=0.05) was used to determine significant differences between male and female responses.

RESULTS: There were no ACL injuries in either group. Males reported over twice the number of overall injuries (22) than females (10). Males exhibited significantly greater perceived improvement in lower extremity alignment (p=0.03), flexibility (p=0.01) and performance (p=0.05), however, not for strength (p=0.45) (Figure 1).

CONCLUSIONS: While there were no ACL injuries in either group, and lower overall injuries in the female group, males had a significantly higher perceived improvement than females on lower extremity alignment, flexibility, and performance.



© 2017 American College of Sports Medicine