B-61 Free Communication/Poster - Activity Interventions and Programming in Adults II Wednesday, May 31, 2017, 1: 00 PM - 6: 00 PM Room: Hall F
PURPOSE: Community planning documents can play an important role in promoting the design and maintenance of communities to support active living. This study estimates the prevalence (overall and by municipality characteristics) of (1) community wide planning documents and (2) inclusion of objectives within plans supportive of active living.
METHODS: Data from the 2014 National Survey of Community-Based Policy and Environmental Supports for Healthy Eating and Active Living (CBS HEAL) were analyzed. CBS HEAL collects data through a survey of local officials for a nationally representative sample of US municipalities with a population of at least 1000 people (n=2005 representing a 45% response rate). Prevalence of a comprehensive or general Plan, 3 specific plan types (land use, transportation, and bicycle or pedestrian (stand-alone or part of a general Plan)), and 3 objectives (implementing Complete Streets policies, promoting street connectivity, or encouraging mixed-use development) were analyzed using survey weights to create national estimates.
RESULTS: Overall, 64% of US municipalities in our sample had a comprehensive or general plan. Plan is types ranged from 76% for a land use plan to 48% for a bicycle/pedestrian plan and 46% for a transportation plan. 67% of municipalities with plans had an objective for encouraging mixed-use development, 54% for the promotion of street connectivity, and 37% for the implementation of a Complete Streets policy. Across all plan types, municipalities with a larger population, that were urban, located in the West, with a median college graduate education level and a lower poverty prevalence had a higher prevalence of plans than their counterparts. Among municipalities with a plan, similar patterns by municipality characteristics were observed for the presence of objectives with one exception, presence of objectives by poverty level did not differ significantly.
CONCLUSIONS: Helping communities, especially smaller or rural municipalities and those with lower median education levels, address issues related to the adoption and creation of planning documents supportive of active living can be an important step toward creating more walkable communities.