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G-40 Free Communication/Poster - Running Mechanics Saturday, June 4, 2016, 7: 30 AM - 11: 00 AM Room: Exhibit Hall A/B

Functional Movement Screening and Injury Rates in High School Cross Country Runners

A Prospective Observational Study

3849 Board #288 June 4, 8

00 AM - 9

30 AM

Bring, Benjamin V.; Devine, Robin; Diehl, Jason; Chan, Miriam; Collins, Christy; Han, Julie; Ahrens, Ben; Burgett, Randy; Bianco, Anthony; Fortman, Craig; Keitt, Frazier; Morris, Scott; Kitchin, Trevor; Boucher, Jacob; Hunt, Ryan

Author Information
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2016 - Volume 48 - Issue 5S - p 1081
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000488252.57915.c2
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PURPOSE: The objective of this study is to determine if there is a correlation between a functional movement screen (FMS) score ≤14 and increased injury incidence in high school cross country runners.

METHODS: This is an IRB-approved prospective, multi-site, observational study enrolling fifty four cross country runners (27 girls and 27 boys) from 3 high schools in the central Ohio area. All eligible athletes had no previous injury restricting their participation in the season. Physicians certified in FMS testing screened all participants before the start of practice for the fall cross country season. FMS consists of 7 movement tests (0-3 points per test) with a maximum score of 21. Athletic trainers and coaches at each high school collected and reported injury data on a weekly basis to the investigator assigned to that high school. FMS scores were kept confidential to athletes, coaches, and parents, and no interventions were made based on score. All injuries were recorded from the start of fall practices until the end of the regular season at each high school.

RESULTS: The mean FMS score for all participants was 15.5 (range of 12-19). A total of 9 athletes (16.7% of total athletes) reported injury. The mean FMS score for the non-injured athletes and that of the injured athletes were 15.1; SD 1.6 and 15.6; SD 1.9 respectively. There is no difference between the mean scores of these two groups (t: 0.69; p=0.493). Age was positively correlated with FMS score ≤14 (r: 0.304; p=0.026). The odds of sustaining an injury among athletes with an FMS score were 1.23 times the odds of sustaining an injury among athletes with an FMS overall score >14 (OR: 1.23; 95% CI 0.267 - 5.675). This difference was not statistically significant. Our results indicate that there is no statistical correlation between low FMS ≤14 and increased injury incidence in high school cross country runners.

CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that FMS score of ≤14 may not be reliable to predict injury risk in high school cross country runners who have no previous injury history.

© 2016 American College of Sports Medicine