C-29 Exercise is Medicine®/Poster - EIM and Aging Thursday, May 28, 2015, 7: 30 AM - 12: 30 PM Room: Exhibit Hall F
To promote all adults to exercise regularly, varieties of community services responsible by health promoting hospital and Exercise is Medicine (EIM) task force have been initiated. Since EIM Thailand has been established, promoting the recognition of “exercise is medicine” into the community is set as part of the campaign scheme.
PURPOSE: The present study was conducted in collaboration between EIM Thailand task force and health promoting hospital, Krathumlom district, Nakhon Pathom Province to evaluate the effectiveness of community-based social dance exercise on health status and physical fitness in middle-aged and older adults.
METHODS: Subjects were nine males (Mean±SD: Age = 58.9±12.4 yrs; BW = 58.0±9.1Kg, BMI = 25.7±8.7 Kg/m2) and 25 females (Age = 58.0±9.1 yrs; BW= 60.3±10.2 Kg, BMI = 25.3±3.8 Kg/m2) (Total n = 34) volunteering to participate in the study. The social dance was introduced as a community-based exercise intervention (60 min/day, 3 times/week). Resting heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, %body fat (Omron, BIA) and physical fitness variables i.e hand grip strength, leg strength, predicted VO2max (Astrand rhyming test) and flexibility were evaluated at baseline and after 12 weeks. Paired-t test was used to test for significant difference and p-value was set at < 0.05.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference of resting heart rate, blood pressure, body weight, waist circumference, %body fat, flexibility, and aerobic capacity between pre- and post-exercise intervention in both male and female groups. Right hand grip strength and leg strength were significantly greater following 12 weeks of social dance exercise in females.
CONCLUSION: Social dance program improved upper and lower body strengths in female community dwellers. Since most participants reported exercise for enjoyment, the intensity threshold for improvements of cardiovascular fitness and body composition were possibly not achieved. A randomized controlled trial, and EIM model relating to disease prevention and treatment are warranted.