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Evaluation Of Multi-frequency Bia In Assessing Body Composition Of Wrestlers: 999June 4 5:00 PM - 5:15 PM

Utter, Alan C. FACSM; Lambeth, Pamela G.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2010 - Volume 42 - Issue 5 - p 129
doi: 10.1249/01.MSS.0000386303.49538.f6
F-52 Free Communication/Slide - Body Composition: JUNE 4, 2010 3:15 PM - 5:15 PM: ROOM: 349

Appalachian State University, Boone, NC.


(A.C. Utter, Biospace Co., Beverly Hills, CA, Contracted Research.)

PURPOSE: to evaluate the accuracy of multi-frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis (MFBIA) in assessing fat-free mass (FFM) in comparison with hydrostatic weighing (HW) and skinfolds (SK) in high school wrestlers in a hydrated state.

METHODS: Body composition was determined by MFBIA, HW, and 3-site SK in 72 high school wrestlers (mean ± SD, age: 15.3 ± 1.4 yr, height: 1.71 ± 0.08 m, body mass: 67.3 ± 13.4 kg). Hydration state was quantified by evaluating urine specific gravity.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences for estimated FFM between MFBIA (57.2 ± 9.5 kg) and HW (57.0 ±10.1 kg) or SK (56.4 ± 8.8 kg). The standard errors of estimate for FFM with HW as the reference method were 2.73 kg for MFBIA and 2.66 kg for SK. Correlations were found for FFM between HW and MFBIA (r = 0.96, P < 0.001), and between HW and SK (r = 0.97, P < 0.001). A systematic bias was found for MFBIA, as the difference between MFBIA and HW correlated with the FFM average of the two methods (r = - 0.22, P < 0.001). A bias was also seen between SK and HW and correlated with the FFM average (r = - 0.47, P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that MFBIA provides similar estimates of FFM when compared with HW in a heterogeneous high school wrestling population during a hydrated state. MFBIA is an attractive assessment tool, easy to use, and may be considered as an alternative field-based method of estimating the FFM of high school wrestlers.

© 2010 American College of Sports Medicine