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G-16: Free Communication/Slide – Protein Metabolism: SATURDAY, JUNE 4, 2005 9: 00 AM - 10: 30 AM ROOM: Jackson A

Metabolic Responses To Ingestion Of Whey Protein In Active Men

2191 10:15 AM - 10:30 AM

Kern, Mark; Bertram, Brian; Milks, Tammy

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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2005 - Volume 37 - Issue 5 - p S420
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Effects of dietary protein intake on skeletal muscle accretion are not well understood.

PURPOSE

To determine plasma amino acid appearance rate and hormonal responses of active men after ingestion of whey protein.

METHODS

Ten healthy, active (participating in at least 4 hours of structured exercise/week) men ingested 52 grams of whey protein isolate following an overnight fast. Blood was collected at baseline and 60, 180, 360, and 480 minutes after consumption for analysis of plasma concentrations of leucine (LEU), glutamine (GLN), insulin, testosterone, growth hormone (GH), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), cortisol and glucagon.

RESULTS

LEU, GLN and insulin concentrations peaked 60 minutes after consumption with increases of 349 ± 97, 129 ± 20, and 153 ± 37 % respectively, from baseline assessment (p < 0.05). GH concentration increased (p < 0.05) from 2.9 ± 0.4 ng/ml to 8.8 ± 5.3 ng/ml three hours after whey ingestion. Plasma concentrations of testosterone, IGF-1, cortisol and glucagon did not fluctuate significantly (p > 0.05) from baseline throughout the 8-hour period.

CONCLUSION

These data suggest that the metabolic responses that could potentially favor anabolism are maximal relatively soon (1–3 hours) after consumption of a whey protein load.

Supported by a grant from NEXT Proteins International, Inc.

©2005The American College of Sports Medicine