E-14M Free Communication/Poster Health and Physical Activity Promotion/Education
To compare the effectiveness of a web-based exercise consultation to a ‘face to face’ consultation in increasing the physical activity levels of phase three cardiac rehabilitation patients over a period of six weeks.
Sixty-nine subjects volunteered to take part in the study prior to entering a phase three cardiac rehabilitation programme. These subjects were randomly assigned to a web-based consultation group, a traditional ‘face to face’ group, or a control group receiving no physical activity counselling (twenty-three subjects per group). All three groups completed a 7-day recall questionnaire to measure physical activity levels both at baseline and at a follow-up of six weeks. Focus groups were conducted to allow a greater understanding of the quantitative results obtained.
All subjects (n=69) completed baseline and follow-up measurements. All three groups significantly increased physical activity levels from baseline measurements (p = 0.003, p = 0.000 and p = 0.038 respectively). All three interventions were equally effective in producing this increase in physical activity levels. Qualitative results indicated that interaction with an exercise consultant was an important feature in all three interventions. In addition, the positive environment within the cardiac rehabilitation centre played a major role in encouraging subjects to adhere to their exercise programmes.
The results from this study have shown that all three interventions; web-based consultation, traditional consultation and the control group, were equally effective in producing significant increases in physical activity within the study period of six-weeks. This suggests that not only do service providers have different options as to which intervention to utilize, depending on the resources available, but that patients can also state a preference as to the method of intervention used.
CORONARY HEART DISEASE; CARDIAC REHABILITATION; EXERCISE CONSULTATION; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY.
CHD, Coronary Heart Disease, MI, myocardial infarction, CR, cardiac rehabilitation, CABG, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft.