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SAFETY OF MAXIMAL MUSCULAR TESTING IN AFRICAN AMERICAN FEMALES AGE 44 TO 68 YEARS

Ottersbach, M.; Adams, K. J.; Swank, A. M. FACSM; Berning, J. M.; Barnard, K. L.; Sevene-Adams, P. G.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 1999 - Volume 31 - Issue 5 - p S381
Annual Meeting Abstracts
Free

University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

(Sponsor: A.M. Swank, FACSM)

    Abstract 1952

    Despite the benefits of increased muscle power, strength, and endurance, there is a paucity of research on these parameters in African American females (AAF). A possible reason for the lack of research regarding muscle performance in older AAF may be the view that maximal muscular testing is unsafe. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the blood pressure (BP) response, rating of perceived exertion (RPE), and rate of muscle soreness and injury associated with maximal power, strength, and endurance testing in 19 sedentary AAF (age=51.0±7.1yrs; ht=162.1±6.1cm; wt=84.8±11.3kg; %bodyfat=42.3±5.3). Tests included: modified Wingate (3.5% bodymass for 10 sec.), 1 kg medicine ball put, 1RM squat press and bench press, and repetitions to failure at 70% 1RM squat press and 50% 1RM bench press. All tests were conducted the same day. BP and RPE were assessed immediately posttest. Injuries and muscle soreness were evaluated using a soreness scale immediately posttest and days 2 and 7. No abnormal BP responses were observed (mean response to all tests=146/86mmHg). RPE ranged from fairly light (11) to very, very hard (19) for all tests. No injuries or soreness requiring any alteration in lifestyle were reported. Results indicate that maximal muscle power, strength, and endurance testing may be performed in sedentary older AAF on the same day without significant muscle soreness, injury, or abnormal BP response.

    Supported by ROW grant, University of Louisville

    Section Description

    American College of Sports Medicine; 46th Annual Meeting; Washington State; Convention & Trade Center; June 2-5, 1999

    The abstracts contained herein were prepared by the authors and then printed by photo-offset without correction. The accuracy, form of citation, designation, nomenclature, and the like, all remain the responsibility of the author. Readers should note that the appearance of an abstract does not imply future publication of a regular scientific manuscript.

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    © 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.