It is known that physically fit elderly adults experience less profound declines in cognitive performance. We investigated the correlation between metabolic and ventilatory parameters and cognitive tests. Thirty-six males volunteers, 50-75 years old, divided into (A) whole group, N=36, (B) athletes, N=16, (C) non-athletes, N=20, (D) athletes plus non-athletes >61 years old, N=18, and (E) athletes plus non-athletes < 60, N=18, were submitted to cognitive tests (Toulouse-Pieron-Factor P, Wechsler Memory Scale-R, Raven's Matrices) and a bicycle maximal spiroergometric test. Data were collected by Vista CX Metabolic Cart and analysed by Turbofit Software. Good and excellent statistically significant relationships (Pearson's and Spearman's correlation tests; P<0.05) were observed in all groups, except in group A. Considering aerobic fitness indexes, we verified that in group B correlation between VO2max X Wechsler Memory Scale (AP-4) was good (r=0.66). In group D, correlations between ventilatory anaerobic threshold (L/ min) X Wechsler Memory Scale (mental control) and ventilatory anaerobic threshold (%VO2max) X mental control were 0.82 and 0.78, respectively. These results strongly suggest a relationship between physical fitness and cognitive functions in middle-aged and elderly adults. However, a higher number of volunteers would be needed in order to investigate the educational level and wealthiness influences in the observed correlations. Supported by CAPES
American College of Sports Medicine; 46th Annual Meeting; Washington State; Convention & Trade Center; June 2-5, 1999
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G-40 POSTER OLDER ATHLETES