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Are Acute Post–Resistance Exercise Increases in Testosterone, Growth Hormone, and IGF-1 Necessary to Stimulate Skeletal Muscle Anabolism and Hypertrophy?

Schroeder, E. Todd; Villanueva, Matthew; West, Daniel D. W.; Phillips, Stuart M.

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: November 2013 - Volume 45 - Issue 11 - p 2044–2051
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000147
BASIC SCIENCES: Contrasting Perspectives in Exercise Science and Sports Medicine

University of Southern California Division of Biokinesiology & Physical Therapy Los Angeles, CA

McMaster University Department of Kinesiology Exercise Metabolism Research Group Hamilton, Ontario, CANADA

© 2013 American College of Sports Medicine