To assess the 1-min sit-to-stand test (1STS) test–retest reliability and construct validity and its associated cardiorespiratory response in comparison to the 6-min walk test (6MWT) and symptom-limited cycling cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) in people with interstitial lung disease (ILD).
Fifteen participants with ILD performed two 1STS tests, a 6MWT and a CPET. The three tests were administered on three separate visits, and cardiorespiratory parameters were continuously recorded during the tests.
The number of repetitions during both 1STS tests was 22 ± 4 and 22 ± 4 (mean difference of 0.53 ± 2.00 repetitions, P = 0.32) with an intraclass correlation of 0.937 (95% confidence interval, 0.811–0.979]) and a minimal detectable change of 2.9 repetitions. The number of 1STS repetitions was highly correlated with the 6MWT distance (r = 0.823, P < 0.001) and with the peak cycling power output expressed in % predicted values (r = 0.706, P < 0.003). Oxygen consumption (V˙O2) peak during the 1STS reached 83% and 78% of V˙O2 peak during 6MWT and CPET, respectively. Peak 1STS HR, minute ventilation (V˙E,), V˙O2 values, as well as nadir SpO2 were achieved during the recovery phase of the test, whereas peak 6MWT and CPET HR, V˙E, V˙O2 and nadir SpO2 always occurred at the end of the test. The three tests elicited a similar fall in SpO2 ranging between 8% and 12%. Symptom scores after the 1STS were similar to those seen at the end of the 6MWT but lower than those of CPET.
The 1STS showed excellent test–retest reliability in patients with ILD in whom it elicited a substantial, but submaximal cardiorespiratory response. Our data also support the construct validity of the 1STS to assess functional exercise capacity in patients with ILD and to detect exercise-induced O2 desaturation.