This study aimed to examine the effect of isolated supervised progressive resistance training with duration of more than 32 wk on muscle strength, metabolic control and adiponectin.
Twenty-one children with type 1 diabetes mellitus were separated into an intervention group (IG) (n = 11 age 11.0 ± 0.8) and a control group (CG) (n = 10 age 11.30 ± 0.7) without training to control for the effect of progressive resistance training on muscle strength, hemoglobin (HbA)1C and adiponectin. All parameters were assessed before and after a period of 32 wk. No attempt was made to change diet and the daily behaviors during the study in both groups.
After a period of 32 wk, upper and lower limb strength increased significantly (P < 0.05) in the IG, whereas no changes occurred in the CG. In the IG, HbA1C decreased significantly after 32 wk but not after 17 wk (P < 0.00), whereas HbA1C increased in the CG (P < 0.007). Adiponectin increased significantly (P < 0.000) only in the IG. Self-monitored blood glucose levels, measured before and after each session, showed a significant reduction (P < 0.00) of 26.5% ± 4.4% after each session. Effect size (ES) for the strength training on limb strength was medium (d = 0.464 to d = 0.661), the ES for strength training on HbA1C (d = −1.292) and the ES for strength training on adiponectin (d = 1.34) was large. There was no hypoglycemia as the result of training.
An isolated supervised progressive resistance training two times a week in children with type 1 diabetes mellitus must last at least 32 wk to get a significant decrease in blood glucose level HbA1C. In addition, exercise-induced increase in adiponectin improves insulin sensitivity.