Introduction and Purpose
To examine the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness
(CRF) and muscle power output
(MPO) on bone mass of prepubertal and pubertal children using lean mass (LM) and percentage of fat mass (%FM) as mediator variables. The hypothesis was that both LM and %FM would be independent mediators of the relationships during the sexual maturation
We analyzed 200 children (88 boys and 112 girls [11.5 ± 2.0 yr]). Body composition was analyzed by bone densitometry, and indirect calorimetry and cycle ergometer were used to calculate V˙O2peak
) and MPO (W) during an incremental exercise test. Sample was divided by pubertal status.
In the prepubertal group, LM and %FM acted independently as mediators in the relationship between bone mass and CRF or MPO (22%–25% for LM and 37%–50% for %FM, respectively). In pubertal children, LM acted as mediator at 37%.
Although the independent mediator role of LM and %FM in the associations between CRF or MPO and bone mass was present during the prepubertal stage, only LM remain its mediator role in these associations during the postpubertal period. Therefore, with growth and sexual maturation
, the full effect of LM seems to increase, whereas the influence of %FM seems to disappear.