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Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior among US Hispanic/Latino Youth

The SOL Youth Study

EVENSON, KELLY R.1; ARREDONDO, ELVA M.2; CARNETHON, MERCEDES R.3; DELAMATER, ALAN M.4; GALLO, LINDA C.5; ISASI, CARMEN R.6; PERREIRA, KRISTA M.7; FOTI, SAMANTHA A.8; VAN HORN, LINDA9; VIDOT, DENISE C.10; SOTRES-ALVAREZ, DANIELA11

Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 2019 - Volume 51 - Issue 5 - p 891–899
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001871
EPIDEMIOLOGY
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Purpose Physical activity and sedentary behavior among diverse Hispanic/Latino youth in the United States is not well documented. The aim of this study was to describe physical activity and sedentary behavior among a representative sample of Hispanic/Latino youth from four US communities using accelerometry and self-reported measures.

Methods From 2012 to 2014, 1466 Hispanic/Latino youth ages 8 to 16 yr, children of participants in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, enrolled in the SOL youth. Physical activity and sedentary behavior were assessed by interview. After this, youth wore an Actical accelerometer for 1 wk. All statistical analyses accounted for the complex survey design and used sampling weights.

Results The accelerometer wear time adjusted mean minutes per day was: 604.6, sedentary; 178.9, light; 25.4, moderate; and 10.2, vigorous. Generally, higher levels of moderate and vigorous activity occurred among males, Mexican backgrounds, and youth age 8 to 10 yr compared with older age groups. Higher levels of sedentary behavior occurred among youth age 15 to 16 yr compared with younger age groups. The most common activities (reported, ≥1 per month) were of lower intensity, including listening to music (91.9%), homework (87.0%), riding in car/bus (84.3%), and hanging out with friends (83.4%). Common active pursuits included travel by walking (74.6%), physical education class (71.7%), running (71.4%), and recess (71.3%).

Conclusions Time, intensity, and type of physical activity and sedentary behavior varied among Hispanic/Latino youth. These findings can inform efforts to increase physical activity and reduce sedentary behavior among US Hispanic/Latino youth.

1Department of Epidemiology, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC;

2Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA;

3Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL;

4Department of Pediatrics, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL;

5Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA;

6Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY;

7Department of Social Medicine, University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC;

8Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL;

9Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL;

10School of Nursing and Health Studies, University of Miami, Miami, FL; and

11Collaborative Studies Coordinating Center, Department of Biostatistics, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina – Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC

Address for correspondence: Kelly R. Evenson, Ph.D., Suite 410, 123 W Franklin Street, Building C, University of NC, Gillings School of Global Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8050; E-mail: kelly_evenson@unc.edu.

Submitted for publication August 2018.

Accepted for publication December 2018.

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© 2019 American College of Sports Medicine