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Validity and Reliability of Omron Pedometers for Prescribed and Self-Paced Walking


Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: March 2009 - Volume 41 - Issue 3 - p 670-674
doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181886095
Applied Sciences

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability evidence for the Omron Healthcare HJ-151 and HJ-720ITC pedometers for prescribed and self-paced walking.

Methods: A total of 47 adults (24 males, 23 females; age = 24 ± 4.4 yr.; body mass index = 25.7 ± 4.2 kg·m−2) participated in this study. Under prescribed walking conditions, 34 participants completed three randomized 100-m walking trials through a range of scripted walking speeds (slow, moderate, and very brisk) for each pedometer model. Under self-paced walking conditions, 31 participants completed one 1-mile walk on a standardized course for each model. HJ-151 pedometers were chosen at random from a pool of 54 devices and were worn along the waistband at the right hip, the left hip, and the midback, whereas HJ-720ITC pedometers were chosen from a pool of 24 devices and incorporated right pocket, left pocket, and backpack positions in addition to the three waist-mounted sites. Absolute percent error (APE) scores were calculated to examine pedometer accuracy between actual steps (a criterion measure) and pedometer-determined steps. Coefficient of variation (CoV) was computed to describe interdevice reliability.

Results: With the exception of the HJ-720ITC at the backpack position in the prescribed walking setting (mean APE = 3.4%), the HJ-151 and the HJ-720ITC accurately reported step counts under prescribed and self-paced conditions (all APE values <3.0%). Moreover, interdevice reliability evidence was established for the HJ-151 and the HJ-720ITC under prescribed and self-paced conditions (all CoV values <2.1%).

Conclusions: The Omron HJ-151 and HJ-720ITC pedometers demonstrated validity and reliability at various mounting positions under prescribed and self-paced walking conditions with both healthy and overweight adults.

Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, TN

Address for correspondence: Minsoo Kang, Ph.D., Department of Health and Human Performance, Middle Tennessee State University, 1500 Greenland Dr., PO Box 96, Murfreesboro, TN 37132; E-mail:

Submitted for publication March 2008.

Accepted for publication July 2008.

©2009The American College of Sports Medicine