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Sodium Bicarbonate Ingestion Alters the Slow but Not the Fast Phase of V˙O2 Kinetics


Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: November 2006 - Volume 38 - Issue 11 - p 1909-1917
doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000233791.85916.33
BASIC SCIENCES: Original Investigations

Purpose: The influence of metabolic alkalosis (ALK) on pulmonary O2 uptake (pV˙O2) kinetics during high-intensity cycle exercise is controversial. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of ALK induced by sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on pV˙O2 kinetics, using a sufficient number of repeat-step transitions to provide high confidence in the results obtained.

Methods: Seven healthy males completed step tests to a work rate requiring 80% pV˙O2max on six separate occasions: three times after ingestion of 0.3 g·kg−1 body mass NaHCO3 in 1 L of fluid, and three times after ingestion of a placebo (CON). Blood samples were taken to assess changes in acid-base balance, and pV˙O2 was measured breath-by-breath.

Results: NaHCO3 ingestion significantly increased blood pH and [bicarbonate] both before and during exercise relative to the control condition (P < 0.001). The time constant of the phase II pV˙O2 response was not different between conditions (CON: 29 ± 6 vs ALK: 32 ± 7 s; P = 0.21). However, the onset of the pV˙O2 slow component was delayed by NaHCO3 ingestion (CON: 120 ± 19 vs ALK: 147 ± 34 s; P < 0.01), resulting in a significantly reduced end-exercise pV˙O2 (CON: 2.88 ± 0.19 vs ALK: 2.79 ± 0.23 L·min−1; P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Metabolic alkalosis has no effect on phase II pV˙O2 kinetics but alters the pV˙O2 slow-component response, possibly as a result of the effects of NaHCO3 ingestion on muscle pH.

1Department of Exercise and Sport Science, Manchester Metropolitan University, Hassall Road, Alsager, UNITED KINGDOM; and 2Department of Sport, Health and Exercise Science, University of Hull, Cottingham Road, Hull, UNITED KINGDOM

Address for correspondence: Andrew M. Jones, Ph.D., FACSM, Professor of Applied Physiology, School of Sport and Health Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter EX1 2LU, United Kingdom; E-mail:

Submitted for publication March 2006.

Accepted for publication May 2006.

©2006The American College of Sports Medicine