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LANDER JEFFREY E.; HUNDLEY, JOEY R.; SIMONTON, R. LESLIE
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: May 1992
APPLIED SCIENCE: BIODYNAMIC: PDF Only
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ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of weight-belts during multiple repetitions of the parallel back squat exercise. Five subjects were filmed (50 fps) as they performed eight consecutive trials at each of two weight-belt conditions [with belt = WB, without belt = WOB] in random order at their eight-repetition maximum effort. Other parameters examined were ground reaction forces, intra-abdominal pressure (IAP), and mean electromyography (mEMG) for the external oblique (EO), erector spinae (ES), vastus lateralis (VL), and bicep femoris (BF) muscles. All parameters were collected and interfaced to a computer via an A/D converter. WB repetitions were generally performed faster than WOB repetitions, especially by the later repetitions (3.34 vs 3.56 s). WB IAP values were consistently greater (P < 0.05) than WOB values by 25–40%. IAP increased by approximately 11.5% from the first to the last repetitions. No differences were observed for ES and EO mEMG for belt usage, but values increased by up to 20% across repetitions. Several differences were observed between WB and WOB for the VL and BF mEMG, with WB values being significantly greater. These data suggest that a weight-belt aids in supporting the trunk by increasing IAP, and that any differential effect due to wearing a weight-belt did not occur over eight repetitions.

©1992The American College of Sports Medicine