PELS, III, A. E., M. L. POLLOCK, T. E. DOHMEIER, K. A. LEMBERGER, and B. F. OEHRLEIN. Effects of leg press training on cycling, leg press, and running peak cardiorespiratory measures. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 66–70, 1987. Six males and seven females trained 3 d per wk (30 min at 80 to 85% heart rate reserve) for 20 wk on a leg press apparatus. A progressive exercise test was administered on a cycle ergometer, leg press apparatus, and treadmill before and after training. Before training, peak oxygen consumption (JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-198702000-00014/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222143Z/r/image-pngO2, ml·kg-1·min-1) during the leg press test was higher for the males (23.9 ± 1.60, mean ± SE) compared to the females (19.5 ± 2.40, P ≤ 0.05). Peak JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-198702000-00014/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222143Z/r/image-pngO2 during the cycling (males = 36.6 ± 2.65, females = 28.5 ± 2.35) and treadmill (males = 39.8 ± 2.04, females = 33.2 ± 2.64) tests was also different between the sexes, and 30 to 40% higher than during the leg press test (P ≤ 0.05). Peak heart rate (beats·min-1) was not different between the sexes (P > 0.05), yet was 11% lower during the leg press test (165 ± 3.5) compared to the cycling (184 ± 2.8) and treadmill (187 ± 1.3) tests (P ≤ 0.05). After training, peak JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-198702000-00014/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222143Z/r/image-pngO2 during the cycling and treadmill tests increased 10 to 15%, compared to 35% during the leg press test (P ≤ 0.05). The only change in peak heart rate was a 6% increase during the leg press test (P ≤ 0.05). Although peak JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-198702000-00014/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222143Z/r/image-pngO2 on the leg press apparatus was lower than on the cycle ergometer and treadmill, leg press exercise elicited a sufficient stimulus for increasing peak JOURNAL/mespex/04.02/00005768-198702000-00014/ENTITY_OV0312/v/2017-07-20T222143Z/r/image-pngO2 on the three testing modes.
©1987The American College of Sports Medicine