Knowing what to recommend is an important step, but fitness professionals also must be aware of factors that may challenge adherence. Barriers to exercise for older currently nonactive adults have some common themes, including lack of time, potential for injury, self-discipline, motivation, boredom, and intimidation (6). When asked to describe an ideal physical activity program, older adults cite ease of access and knowledgeable staff as important factors (6). Fitness professionals, therefore, are pivotal in helping provide safe and effective programs for older adults.
Given the many benefits, developing a comprehensive exercise program is a valuable tool in the quest for successful aging. A comprehensive exercise program includes cardiorespiratory (aerobic) exercise, resistance training, flexibility and neuromotor exercise training (7). Older adults unable to meet minimum recommendations because of chronic health conditions should try to be as active as abilities and conditions allow (1,10).
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