This article explores the frequency, intensity, time, and type framework within the context of HIIT, the unique elements of HIIT (e.g., intensity and work-to-recovery ratio), and concludes with examples of HIIT exercise regimens. By reading this article, health and fitness professionals will be reminded of the following takeaways:
• HTN develops gradually and is generally the product of lifestyle choices concerning diet and exercise.
• Although HTN is routinely treated with pharmacological intervention, lifestyle intervention is a primary therapeutic option for those newly diagnosed with hypertension.
• Research supports the implementation of aerobically based HIIT and MICT for inducing similar reductions in systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure in adults with pre-HTN and/or HTN.
• HIIT for any client must be introduced gradually — and deliberately — over time. The introduction of HIIT should start with a single, brief set of HIIT (e.g., a few minutes of HIIT) to evaluate the client’s readiness and receptivity to the approach.