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Groeger, Marielena B.A.

ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal: July-August 2010 - Volume 14 - Issue 4 - p 14-21
doi: 10.1249/FIT.0b013e3181e37dca

LEARNING OBJECTIVE • The female athlete has a unique set of physiological and biomechanical responses to exercise that present risk factors for injury. This article will cover several proposed causes for greater injury risk in females, such as differences in biomechanics, neuromuscular control, flexibility, hormonal levels, and bone characteristics. Also included is a discussion of specific injuries particularly prevalent among female athletes, such as anterior cruciate ligament tears and lower-extremity stress fractures.

The female athlete is at a different risk of injury than her male counterpart. To further understand these risks and take measures to prevent injury, it is important to consider women's unique physiological and biomechanical responses to exercise.

Marielena Groeger, B.A., is a recent graduate of Brown University where her research focused on the physiology, nutrition, and health concerns of women in exercise. She currently works at Brown University in the Department of Health Education.

© 2010 American College of Sports Medicine.