In an attempt to maximize training-related gains in maximal strength and muscle hypertrophy, Jacques Duchateau, Séverine Stragier, Stéphane Baudry and Alain Carpentier propose new protocols that combine high mechanical tension and metabolic stress in the Perspective for Progress, “Strength Training: In Search of Optimal Strategies to Maximize Neuromuscular Performance.”
Authors Clemens Brahms, Tibor Hortobágyi, Reto Werner Kressig, Urs Granacher, PhD propose that individualized prescription of exercise according to baseline mobility levels can optimize locomotor responsiveness of older adults to exercise training. The Perspective for Progress, “The Interaction between Mobility Status and Exercise Specificity in Older Adults” is a must read.
The article, “The Accurate Assessment of Muscle Excitation Requires the Detection of Multiple Surface Electromyograms” from authors Taian Martins Vieira and Alberto Botter advances the hypothesis that a single, surface electromyogram may be of limited validity for assessing muscle activation.
Melissa L. Erickson, Karyn A. Esser, William E. Kraus, Thomas W. Buford, and Leanne M. Redman coauthored the article, “A Role for Exercise to Counter Skeletal Muscle Clock Disruption.” They contend that exercise may mitigate cardiometabolic disease in part through actions on the skeletal muscle circadian clock.
In the article, “Optimizing Microbiota Profiles for Athletes,” authors Laura Mancin, Ian Rollo, Joao Felipe Mota, Fabio Piccini, Mattia Carletti, Gian Antonio Susto, Giorgio Valle, and Antonio Paoli hypothesize that it is not possible to define a single optimal microbiota profile for all athletes.
Authors Marissa N. Baranauskas, Keren Constantini, Hunter L. Paris, Chad C. Wiggins, Zachary J. Schlader, and Robert F. Chapman present the article “Heat Versus Altitude Training for Endurance Performance at Sea Level.” They explain that heat versus altitude training provoke dissimilar physiological adaptations that may differentially influence performance.
The article ”Skeletal Muscle Damage Produced by Electrically Evoked Muscle Contractions,” from authors Alexandre Fouré and Julien Gondin, presents the hypothesis that electrically evoked submaximal isometric contractions at long lengths can induce intramuscular transverse strain of skeletal muscle and lead to severe and localized damage.