Circadian rhythms, meals, and exercise modulate energy metabolism. This review will explore the novel hypothesis that there is an optimal time of day to exercise to improve 24 h glycemia and lipemia in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
1Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology, and Biophysics, University of Minnesota – Twin Cities
2Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri – Columbia
Corresponding Author: Jill A. Kanaley, Ph.D. Professor and Associate Chair, Department of Nutrition and Exercise Physiology, University of Missouri – Columbia
Disclosure of Funding: The authors were funded by the following grants while writing this manuscript: NIH DK109556 (TDH), DK110338 (TDH), and DK101513 (JAK).
Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflict of interest to report.